"Satellite observations"

Passive microwave quantification of tropical cyclone inner-core cloud populations relative to subsequent intensity change

Characteristics of over 15 000 tropical cyclone (TC) inner cores are evaluated coincidentally using 37- and 85-GHz passive microwave data to quantify the relative prevalence of cold clouds (i.e., deep convection and stratiform clouds) versus …

Altitudinal precipitation gradients in the tropics from tropical rainfall measuring mission (TRMM) precipitation radar

A Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) climatology shows variability in surface precipitation rate-elevation relationships across the tropics. Vertical profiles of radar reflectivity and profiles of specific humidity and cross-barrier moisture …

Regional contrast of mesoscale convective system structure prior to and during monsoon onset across South America

In this study, a 10-yr (1998-2007) climatology of observations from the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) satellite is used to study regional mechanisms of monsoon onset across tropical and subtropical South America. The approach is to …